Astrálaga opened the "Climate Change Meeting", which has been taking place until today in the provincial capital, with some 400 national and international referents in environmental matters.
The central theme of the meeting is the greenhouse effect, accentuated by the emission of certain gases such as carbon dioxide and methane due to human economic activity.
“Ecological threats we know very well. If we continue like this, between now and 2030, the demand for energy will increase by 45 percent and the price of a barrel of oil will rise to 280 dollars ", remarked the Colombian biologist, specialist in environmental management and Master in Regional Development with more than twenty years trajectory in the world of conservation and sustainable development.
"If this continues (without concrete actions), storms will multiply by 12, floods by 4 and the number of people affected by natural disasters by 8, especially among the most vulnerable sectors of Latin American populations," said the expert. He also indicated that international studies show that the global temperature will increase by 6 degrees Celsius, in some 2 but in others 7, with the consequent decrease in domestic gross products between 5 and 10 percent in different countries "since there will be many economic activities that cannot be done. ”However, the specialist said that" not everything is bad "and that there are measures that can be taken from examples such as the Mendoza Territorial Plan, the production of renewable energy in São Paulo (Brazil) or the treatment of waste for electricity generation in cities such as San Pablo or Monterrey.
These projects "will not only help to combat climate change or the production of greenhouse gases, but also to generate wealth and employment," he claimed.
Meanwhile, Ricardo Villalba, director of the Argentine Institute of Nivology, Glaciology and Environmental Sciences that is located in the Regional Center for Scientific and Technological Research of Mendoza, affirmed today that "climate warming is unequivocal" by realizing that "the volumes of ice in the Andes Mountains have decreased, the sea has risen and greenhouse gases have increased ”.
"The earth is experiencing unprecedented warming and there is a problem of water scarcity that will increase," he remarked.
During the meeting, Raúl Fernández, Chief of Staff of the National Environment Secretariat, called for putting together a block of proposals at the South American level given that “although there are countries that have very few resources, they can make important contributions and together avoid phenomena irreversible ”.
The meeting will serve to draft a consensus document, which will be presented at the III Latin American Dialogue on Climate Change and Finance that will take place in Mendoza on September 8 and 9.
Among the speakers is the presence of Elma Montaña, director of the Inter-American Research Institute for Global Change, an organization that brings together 19 American countries, who will contribute her scientific perspective as a doctor in Geography, Land Management and Urban Planning.
The speakers will contribute their experience and analysis on different topics and the impact that already exists on climate, water, agriculture and the economy in
general. Today's and tomorrow's thematic panels will address the impacts of climate change in Mendoza; desertification and adaptation in drylands; financing for adaptation and mitigation; farming; public policies on water resources; industry and energy; territorial ordering; legislation; social dimension in the most vulnerable sectors; and education and awareness.
The conclusions will be presented tomorrow at the close of the event and will be the basis of a document that will be presented at the III Latin American Dialogue on Climate Change and Finance.